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History and Government Systems of Turkey

Mustafa Kemal founded the Turkish Republic in 1923 and honored the country by bringing a democratic and modern administration. With his leadership, Turkey gained economic freedom and advanced development, rights, and legal improvement in every subject.

The Republic of Turkey has been founded on secular political systems for Turkish modernization. It has had a multiparty political system and liberal economy governed by a democratic unitary constitutional presidential republic since 1946.

Turkey joined the United Nations in 1945 and became a member of NATO in 1952. Also became an associate member of the European community in 1964. In the last ten years, Turkey has been through many reforms and gained power in terms of democracy and economy. Thus, accession membership talks have begun with the European Union.

Turkey has been a member of the European Economic Community since 1963 and had joined the EU Customs Union in 1955 and had continuous negotiations of full membership with the European Union in 2005. Turkey is also a member of many organizations, such as the Turkish Speaking Countries Cooperation, International Organization of Turkish Culture, Organization of Islamic Cooperation, and Organization of Economic Cooperation.

Turkey is accepted as a regional superpower because of its growing economy and diplomatic initiatives. The president is elected by direct elections for five years. Once the tenure ends, the former president can be reelected. The President exercises executive power and serves as the head of state. On the other hand, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey holds the legislative power, and 600 senators are elected by secret ballot for four years with the uniform parliamentary system.

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